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A noun is the name of a person, animal, place or thing. It may also name a feeling or idea.

The words boy, girl, Neha, Kanpur, hospital, stone, army, anger, beauty are all nouns.

In short, we can say that a noun is a naming word, or a noun is the name of anything.


There are four kinds of nouns:

  1. Proper nouns
  2. Common nouns
  3. Abstract nouns
  4. Collective nouns
  5. Material nouns

Proper nouns

A noun which names a particular person, place or thing is called a proper noun.

Indira Gandhi names a particular person.

Jaipur names a particular place

So the words Indira Gandhi and Jaipur are proper nouns.

Proper nouns include the name of persons, countries, cities, towns, villages, historical places, rivers, ships, streets, mountains, months of the year, days of the week, festivals, books, newspaper etc.

A proper noun always begins with a capital letter.

Common Nouns

A noun that gives a common name to persons, places, or things of the same kind is called a common noun.

The words book, pen, river, mountain, train, bird, animal, city are all common nouns.

Ganga, Yamuna, Mahanadi , Gomti are the names of river so these are proper noun but the rivers is used for all four so river is common noun.

Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun is the name of some state, quality, feeling or ides that we can only think of or feel but cannot touch or see.

Words like heat, beauty, wisdom, truth, love, anger, height, depth are abstract nouns. We can feel heat and cold but we cannot see it. Similarly we can think of love but cannot touch it or see it.

Collective Noun

A collective noun is the name of a collection of a person or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.

Words like army, bunch, pack, and fleet are collective nouns.

A collection of soldiers is called army.

A collection of keys or grapes is called bunch

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